Reduction may not be necessary if the fracture is minimally displaced. A colles fracture is one of the most common types of. Volar fixedangle plate fixation for unstable distal. The 7 fractures with articular involvement had a stepoff or gap of the. Moreover, no local data is available and previous international studies entail small populations.
Distal radius fracture repair with volar plate central. Colles fracture orthopaedicsone clerkship orthopaedicsone. Distal radius fracture an overview sciencedirect topics. Loss of radial tilt normal non fracture average is 2223 degrees of radial tilt. Pa view should be taken with the wrist and elbow at. Functional outcome of volar locking plate fixation in. Dorsal angulation normal non fracture average palmar tilt 1112 degrees. The apex dorsal angulation for neck fractures should not exceed 3040 degrees 34. Increased precision in the measurement of dorsal angulation in distal radius fractures using the dorsalulnar corner as the reference point versus. Indications l fractures and soft tissue injuries of index and 3rd digits l fractures of the neck, shaft and base of the 2nd and 3rd metacarpals construction l starts at midforearm l down the radial forearm l end middistal phalanx of 2nd and 3rd digits application l cut hole in stockinette and splinting material for the thumb l hand in position of function l forearm in neutral position. A distal radius fracture, also known as wrist fracture, is a break of the part of the radius bone which is close to the wrist. Redisplacement of distal radius fracture after initial closed. Evans, otrl, cht march 8, 2015 drf is the most common fx in human skeleton, comprising 18% of all fractures and affecting an estimated 85,000 medicare beneficiaries each year. Degrees of volar angulation in distal radius fracture effects distal radioulnar.
Because of expected growth, distal radius fractures have excellent healing and remodeling potentialsignificantly better than that of more proximal forearm fractures. From 2,400 patients aged 116 years with a fractured forearm, we selected a study group using the following inclusion criteria. Features and benefits oblong combihole allows accurate plate positioning on the bone dedicated screws for. Overview distal radius fractures are the most common orthopaedic injury treatment is based on fracture pattern and stability. Radial shortening distal radioulnar druj joint involvement standard of care. The more common method is to describe the angulation of the distal fragment. A colles fracture is a type of fracture of the distal forearm in which the broken end of the radius is bent backwards. Variable angle lcp twocolumn volar distal radius plate 2. On a posteroanterior pa radiograph, the inclination of the radial platform is the angle between a line drawn from the tip of the radial styloid to the most distal ulnar aspect of the lunate facet and a. Distal radius fractures broken wrist orthoinfo aaos. The traditional volar approach provides access only to the volar surface of the radius.
Introduction distal radius fractures are the most frequent fractures seen in pediatric population and usually treated with closed reduction and casting. Changes in angulation of the radial head may also suggest impaction. Distal radius fractures occur through the distal metaphysis of the radius may involve articular surface frequently involving the ulnar styloid most often result from a fall on the outstretched hand. Fractures with greater than 20 degrees of dorsal angulation, greater than 10 degrees of volar angulation, signi. Distal radius fractures constitute 20 to 35 percent of all childhood fractures. Smith fractures, also known as goyrand fractures in the french literature 3, are fractures of the distal radius with associated volar angulation of the distal fracture fragments. Firstgeneration dorsal plate designs were a logical solution but were fraught with complications secondary to tendon dysfunction and rupture, which prompted a move to fixedangle volar plating techniques after the development of anglestable.
Proximal phalanx fracture volar angulation, limited rotation usually occurs with proximal phalanx. Smiths fractures, also referred to as reverse colles fracture, have palmar tilt of the distal fragment. Degrees of volar angulation in distal radius fracture effects distal radioulnar joint stability. Prospective evaluation of distal radius fractures treated. A distal radius fracture almost always occurs about 1 inch from the end of the bone. Table 2 compares average volar tilt, radial inclination, radial height, and ulnar variance at the first postoperative visit and at 12month followup.
Distal radius fractures orthopaedic trauma association. Distal radius fractures occur through the distal metaphysis of the. Degrees of volar angulation in distal radius fracture. Iv with anterior radial dislocation and fracture greenspan 1992 574p. Most distal radial fractures result in an apexvolar angulation with dorsal cortical comminution. The radiologist must possess an understanding of the factors that alter clinical decision making and patient treatment. The most common fracture mechanism is that the child falls on an outstretched arm.
Commonly used fracture eponyms like colles, smiths, bartons etc. If angulation exceeds this, palmar pain and reduction of strength may be present on gripping 3. Colles fractures are very common extraarticular fractures of the distal radius that occur as the result of a fall onto an outstretched hand. Distal radius fracture with volar displacement of the distal fracture fragment and wrist. Fracture angulation describes a specific type of fracture displacement where the normal axis of the bone has been altered such that the distal portion of the bone points off in a different direction. Surgical correction of malunited fractures of the distal.
Pdf volar plating of distal radius fractures researchgate. The radius is the largest of the two bones of the forearm. The break can occur in many different ways, however. Classically, these fractures are extraarticular transverse fractures and can be thought. Forearm radiographs are examined to determine fracture pattern complete or greenstick, location proximal, middle, or distal third, displacement, angulation, and rota tion. Displacement, angulation, rotation angulation extent to which fracture fragments are not anatomically aligned in an angular fashion convention. A degree of residual palmar angulation is acceptable. Measurements less than 9mm in radial length in adults suggest comminuted or impacted fractures. In children, bone compliance allows for buckle or greenstick type injuries. Associated injuries may accompany distal radius fractures. If results turn out to be favourable, better practices for distal radial. Yuki bessho, md, toshiyasu nakamura, md phd, takeo nagura, md phd, yoshimori kiriyama, phd, noboru matsumura, md phd, takuji iwamoto, md phd, kazuki sato, md phd, yoshiaki toyama, md phd.
Can tolerate 3540 degrees of angulation with boxers fracture. Conservative followup of severely displaced distal radial. They consist of a fracture of the distal radial metaphyseal region with dorsal angulation and impaction, but without the involvement of the articular surface. Splinting, casting, and wrapping michael petrizzi, md, faafp. Volar tilt 4 degrees radial shortening 1mm grip strength 74% contralateral limb rom 80% 1 loss of fixation dorsal angulation fischer t, koch p, saager c, kohut gn. Dorsal displacement and volar angulation of the distal radius. As an alternative, the angulation may be defined at the fracture site. Radial angulation of the wrist location 1 inch proximal to the radiocarpal joint radial shortening ulnar styloid fracture salterharris fractures in children smith also called reverse colles fracture. One of the most common distal radius fractures is a colles fracture, in which the broken fragment of the radius tilts upward. Transverse fracture of distal radius with 15 degrees of dorsal angulation completely displaced fracture of distal radius and ulna. In this event simply apply a dorsal and radial plaster splint. For fragmentspecific fracture fixation with variable angle locking technology. In the elderly, osteoporotic fractures of the distal radius are common. Typical fracture patterns arise in the forearm bones depending on mechanism of injury and the age of the patient.
Fracture angulation direction of apex of angle apex volar or dorsal, apex medial or lateral direction of distal fragment valgus or varus length of fracture shortened, distracted rotation. Many fractures of the forearm have eponymous titles. The radioradial external fixator in the treatment of. Fractures and dislocations university of cincinnati. Treating distal radius fractures gillette childrens. Firstgeneration dorsal plate designs were a logical solution but were fraught with complications secondary to tendon dysfunction and rupture, which prompted a move to fixedangle volar plating techniques after the development of anglestable screws. When the fracture is of the shaft, less deformity is acceptable less than 20 degrees.
Displacement and angulation are fairly easy to document on ap and lateral views. Fractures of the distal radius with volar displacement and angulation of the distal fragment. Fractures of the distal radius account for onesixth of all fractures seen in the emergency department. Radiographic evaluation confirmed fracture healing in all patients by 3 months.
This procedure uses a metal implant to stabilize a fracture in the radius near the wrist. Fractures with apexvolar angulation are the result of an axial force applied with the forearm in supination. Therapeutic management for distal radius fractures. Comminuted intraarticular fracture of the distal radius volar rim maintains relationship with the carpus and both are displaced proximally blue arrow fracture of radial styloid process with loss of radial inclination yellow arrow. Degrees of volar angulation in distal radius fracture effects distal. The volar tilt, radial inclination, and radial length were recorded and compared between the two groups after surgery and during final followup. Bartons fracture is the displaced intraarticular coronal plane. Based on location of fracture and displacement volar approach for volar rim fractures and comminuted fractures that can be reduced radial styloid approach for buttressing of styloid dorsal approach occasionally for dorsally displaced fractures that can be reduced from volar approach combined approaches needed for highenergy. Reliably restoring volar tilt of distal radius fractures. Classification of distal radius fractures 251 results results of reduction the initial dorsal angulation of the fracture in fluenced the result of reduction table l, but only indirectly due to the fact that when short ening increased, this was often followed by an increase in dorsal angulation, but after strat.689 525 1139 900 704 1069 142 1216 585 557 355 1035 852 972 64 910 1397 566 145 214 861 92 308 641 1556 197 124 1050 444 480 512 973 1205 880 211 507 1524 235 353 311 1189 127 1077 1243 343 791 1499 40